When you have a project that requires the use of paint, it’s important to know what you’re using to ensure that the project turns out perfectly. If you fail to use the right paint, the project could get ruined, leading to nothing but wasted time and frustration from the process.
Both enamel and acrylic paint are two of the most commonly used options available for use on different objects. However, there are some significant differences between the two. Use this guide to learn more about enamel vs acrylic paint while deciding which one is best to use based on what you’re trying to accomplish.
Enamel paint is a type of paint available in hundreds of unique shades. While applied wet, it dries and hardens, ultimately leaving the surface looking polished and slightly glossy with a brighter, bolder appearance. Enamel paint contains a blend of different ingredients, including white lead, resin, petroleum, and other ingredients.
It works best when applied to surfaces outdoors, such as the outside of a home or even a bench situated in the backyard. The paint has a thicker texture compared to some other types of paint but is easy to use and work with.
If you're asking, "Why would I use enamel paint?" it's because this is a durable, high-quality option that works well on your property's exterior. It's one of the reasons that homeowners and painters tend to use it the most.
Although it has its fair share of advantages, there are some disadvantages associated with enamel paint. For example, it does tend to go yellow. If you were asking, "Why does enamel paint go yellow?" it's something that happens after repeated exposure to the elements.
Acrylic Paint Overview + Pros & Cons
Now that you know more about enamel paint, let's learn more about acrylic paint and what it's commonly used for. Acrylic paint consists of pigment, acrylic binder, and acrylic vehicle to create bright, bold shades that are perfect for use on different surfaces, including plastic, metal, fabric, and even leather.
As long as there is no oil or water on the surface, you can apply acrylic paint to the item. When applied to different surfaces, the acrylic paint will appear smooth. If you have a surface with oil or water, the acrylic paint won't stick well to it, so it’s best to avoid that by all means possible.
It’s also important to know that there are different types of acrylic paint, including heavy body acrylics, slow-drying acrylic paints, and fluid acrylics. If you’re wondering what you use acrylic paint for, it’s great on glass, plastic, stone, and even fabric.
Enamel Vs Acrylic Paint: Differences Between Them
Enamel and acrylic paint are two totally different options that are great for different purposes. Here are several differences between the two paints:
Enamels tend to be more durable than acrylic paint. Enamels form a hard and durable topcoat that is rust-resistant and waterproof. Acrylic, however, can crack and peel over time.
You will find that enamel paint adheres better to services than acrylic paint does. With acrylic paint, some surfaces will need primer and a sealant, whereas enamel paint can be applied without a primer.
Ease of application
Water-based paints like acrylic are always easier to apply. The paint spreads easily over the surface. Enamels, on the other hand, can be difficult to spread without the proper technique, making imperfections more noticeable.
Ease of Cleaning
Because they are water-based, acrylic paint is easier to clean. They only require soap and water. Enamel paints will require solvents or paint thinners to clean your workspace.
When it comes to paint longevity, enamel lasts longer than acrylic paint. This is because it is more resistant to cracks and does not fade.
Enamel paint gives you a glossy finish, and acrylic paint is more of a matte finish. However, enamel does start to yellow over time.
Acrylic paint offers you more color variations than enamel paint does. This is because of the powder pigmentation that’s added to the paint. However, enamel paint offers more vibrant colors than acrylic paints.
VOCs are volatile organic compounds that are toxic for personal health and harmful to the environment. Enamel paint contains a high amount of VOCs, but acrylic paints are typically safer and have fewer VOCs.
The main difference between acrylic and enamel paint, however, is the base and how they are used. Acrylic paint is water-based, and enamel paint is oil-based.
As stated above, both have their pros and cons and can be very versatile. So, the choice between the two really comes down to the project you are doing.
When to Use Enamel Paint
Enamel paint is easy to apply and dries slowly, so you’ll have the opportunity to work with it without feeling rushed. It’s also easier to clean with plenty of color options available to choose from. Here’s when you should use enamel paint:
For Painting Your House
When painting the exterior walls, go with enamel paint because it works best for exteriors. However, you’re going to need to reapply a coating after a while because the color tends to get yellowish after a while.
When painting the inside of the home, acrylic paint is the best option to use.
For Painting Wood
If you're painting wood, enamel works well. It dries at a slower pace, so you have more time to go over it and fix mistakes if need be. It's also available in many colors, so you can customize the wood to your liking with some of your favorite shades.
When to Use Acrylic Paint
In contrast, if you’re working with fabric or completing arts and crafts projects, acrylic paint is the best option. It’s easy to use and dries quickly. However, because it does dry quickly, you’ll need to work at a fast pace with it.
It's also more challenging to remove the paint from your hands and paintbrushes when working with acrylic paint. Here's when you should use acrylic paint:
For Painting Plastic Models
If you’re trying to paint plastic models, use acrylic paint. It works best, dries quickly, and is available in lots of different colors, so you can get as creative as you’d like with the plastic.
For Painting Miniatures
When you’re using different items like models and miniatures, acrylic paint is the way to go, especially since there are different types of acrylic paint that will work best on these items.
For Painting Cars (Automotive)
Enamel paint isn’t the best choice when painting a car because it’s more challenging to work with and can quickly cause frustration. However, different types of acrylic paint would work best.
Make sure you’re buying paint specifically designed for use on cars before getting started because you don’t want to give the car a rough appearance.
For Painting Metal
When you’re painting metal, stick with acrylic paint. It works exceptionally well on such a smooth surface, allowing you to customize the metal to your liking with the paint color of your choosing.
Enamel Vs Acrylic Paint FAQs
Do you need a primer for enamel paint?
Yes! It’s in your best interest to apply a primer before you end up using enamel paint. It makes it that much easier for you to complete a precise, flawless painting with a smooth, fresh finish.
Is enamel paint waterproof?
If the enamel paint is oil-based or even lacquer-based, it’s definitely waterproof. Be sure to take that into consideration when you’re choosing the type of paint you’d like to use for specific items.
Is it possible to paint acrylic on top of enamel paint?
It’s safe and possible to use acrylic paint on top of enamel paint, but you'll have to carefully prepare the surface before you get started.
Can you paint enamel over acrylic paint?
As long as the acrylic paint doesn’t have a top coat added to it, it’s fine to use the enamel paint over it. Of course, you’d need to apply the primer beforehand and then apply the enamel paint over the acrylic paint.
Knowing the differences between enamel and acrylic paint, you may now wonder which is better - enamel or acrylic paint? The truth is that the best option will depend on what you’re trying to paint.
If you have plans to paint the outside of your home, stick with enamel paint because of its durability and quality.
However, if you’re working on a project inside the house, whether you're painting the walls or trying to complete an arts and crafts project, it's best for you to use acrylic paint, which is available in many colors and styles for you to use.