How Long Does Wood Stain Take To Dry? (According To A Pro)

Staining your deck is one of the best ways to make it look amazing and enhance some of the wood grains found on the deck. If your deck starts to look faded and old, then it is time to pick out a high-quality deck stain to help it look a little bit better.  

Many homeowners may not be familiar with the exact steps they must use to help stain their deck. They may even wonder how long it takes for stains to dry on their deck. Let’s take a look at some of the different factors that we can consider when figuring out how long it takes for wood stains to dry.  

Stain will typically take between up to 12 hours to dry, depending on the heat, the humidity, and the type of wood you are using. When you plan to stain an item, it is best to wait the full 12 hours or more before you decide to put on another coat of the stain.

For projects that need oil, wax, or varnish, you should wait for at least 24 hours instead.  

stained wooden fence

The drying time will depend on the type of stain that you choose to use on your wood.

There are different types that can enhance the appearance of the wood project you want to do, but each one has different directions on how to apply and what steps you can take to make it dry completely.

Some things to consider when waiting for the stains to dry include: 

1. Water-Based Wood Stain 

When the project needs to be done quickly and you can't wait for the stain to dry, then a water-based wood stain is the best choice.

These only take a few hours to dry in the right weather. You need to be prepared to lay it down quickly, though. It dries fast enough that in the right weather, you have to apply promptly to avoid splotches and uneven coating.  

2. Oil-Based Wood Stain 

This is one of the most common types of wood stain that you will use and is available in all hardware stores. They penetrate deep into the wood and will last a long time.

It takes between one to two hours for this stain to dry, but you should wait for another two to three before adding another coat. Wait a minimum of 8 hours before applying the finish you want to use.  

3. Varnish Wood Stain 

This type of stain will rely on varnish to be the binder. It includes polyurethane in it to help protect the wood from chemicals and heat.

If you use this type of wood stain, there is no need to add a finishing coat. This stain will dry quickly, so you will need to work fast to avoid splotches on the beautiful wood piece.  

4. Lacquer Wood Stain 

This is one of the fastest types of stains to dry, usually only taking 15 minutes to dry after application.

It has a strong odor, so you will need really good ventilation around the work, or you will need to wear a mask to stay safe while using it.  

5. Gel-Based Wood Stain 

Gel-based wood stains are new to the market and will provide a strong type of stain that looks great on many wood surfaces. Because of the thickness of this type of stain, though, they will take the longest to dry.

It is not a good option if you need the project to get done quickly. However, it will not drip easily, so it works well for things like wooden table legs.  

6. Water-Soluble Aniline Dye Stain 

This is one of the oldest wood staining techniques. These dyes are synthetic and were originally used to stain wood. The amount of dye that you dissolve into hot water will determine the coloring that you get.

This dries quickly but will often need a second coat to get the intense coloring that you would like.  

stained wood floor

How Long Does It Take For Wood Deck Stains To Dry? 

Deck stains can feel dry to the touch in just a few hours. They are not completely done at this time, though. Wait at least eight hours for most stains to determine whether they are all the way dry before adding the finish or other touches to it.  

If the day is really humid or you have lower temperatures, be ready for the wood stain to take a little longer too. Completing the work inside can be helpful when the weather is bad, but it will be slower and will take longer than expected for the stain to dry.  

The most common type of stain used on wood is oil-based wood stain. This wood stain can dry pretty quickly, though not as fast as the water-based wood stain. However, it penetrates deep into the wood, looks nice, has many great colors and shades to choose from, and can last a long time, which helps it work great for all types of wood.  

roller skates on stained wooden deck

How Long To Let Stain Dry Before Polyurethane Application? 

It is best to let the paint dry for up to 24 hours, sometimes more, before you try to spray on the polyurethane to the wood. If this application is placed onto the wood too early, it can lift the stain off and make the wood look bad. 

You will then need to strip it all down and start fresh. Giving the stain a minimum of 24 hours to dry and set into the wood first will ensure the final product looks amazing.  


What Affects The Drying Time Of The Stain? 

As you are planning out the work that you would like to do on your deck or another wood surface, one factor to consider is how long the stain will take to dry.

You need to get the stain applied and dried before the weather gets wet or too cold. A deck stain sprayer can help speed this process up.

There are different factors that will determine how long it takes the stain to dry. Some of the most common factors include: 

Humidity 

Humidity will slow down all of your progress with the stain drying. If it is hot and humid outside when you lay the stain down, the process will take longer than expected. When it is possible to do so, bring the wood project inside on a humid day to speed it up and avoid the other issues that humidity can bring.  

Temperature 

The temperature can speed up the drying process. For example, a wooden deck out in the sun on a hot day will dry faster than a table inside with the air conditioning on. If you want to get the stain to dry a little faster than average, you must make sure that the temperature is higher to encourage the drying.  

Ventilation 

If you plan to stain an item in your home, such as a table and chairs, you will need to give it more time to dry. Homes typically do not have the same amount of ventilation inside as they do outside, which can slow down the process. If you move them outside, or you have a deck you are staining, it will typically dry faster.  

The Type Of Wood 

The type of wood on the deck will help influence how long it takes to dry. Some woods will soak up the stain and can get the stain to dry faster. Other woods will have the stain sit there and take a little longer. Homeowners should learn what type of wood is on their decks and then make a decision on how long the drying will take.  

The Type Of Stain 

Some stains are faster than others for drying. Lighter coats may need less time. If you need to do two or three coats of the stain to get the desired results, each individual coat is likely to dry a little faster than those that are thicker and need fewer coats. You can look on the back of the packaging of the stain you choose to see what the recommended drying time is.  

Common Stain Drying Questions

What are some tips when applying stain? 

Staining is a good way to enhance the overall look and appeal of the project you would like to get done. But doing it the right way will ensure that it looks nice each time. Some tips to make staining easier include: 

  • Pick the right day: You want a hot day with low humidity to ensure that the stain will dry quickly.  
  • Choose the right color: Consider how dark or light you would like the wood to be when you are done.  
  • Consider how long it takes to dry: Longer drying times slow down the process. If the drying time is too quick, though, you may struggle to get it all done.  
  • Work on a section at a time to help make the process easier.  
  • Avoid wet or cold days.  
  • Do the work outside when possible.  

Having a plan for the work you want to do with the staining will make it easier to get the work done and avoid problems later on.  


Will stain darken as it dries? 

Most stains will lighten as they dry on the wood. When the stain is applied, it is darker in color. It will slowly dry as it seeps into the wood, and once dry, it will appear to be lighter than before. Do not worry if it comes in dark and you want it to be lighter later.  


How do you know when a stain is dry? 

You can touch the stain to see if it is dry or not. If you touch the stain and it is sticky or leaves a mark behind, this is a sign that the stain is wet. You will need to let it sit until it feels dry to the touch.  


How can I make wood stain dry faster? 

Pick a hot and non-humid day to help the stain to dry. Leave the wooden items out in the sun to let them have a chance to warm by the sun. You can also choose a stain that does not take as long to dry as the others to speed this up.  

Conclusion

Applying stain to your wood project can be a great way to enhance the color, change up the look, and protect the wood for many years to come. Doing it the right way includes giving the stain plenty of time to dry too. Take a look at some of the tips above to see just how you can get this done and have a project that looks amazing too.