Choosing the right paint color can make or break your project. Even if you know what color you want, the shade and sheen options vary greatly. Satin and semi-gloss are two of the most popular choices because they have some of the luminosity of glossy paint and some of the rich pigmentation of flat paint.
Learn about the differences between the two options and determine which one is better for your project in this satin vs. semi-gloss comparison guide.
Satin paint has more binder in it than flat paint does. Binder creates a smoother surface for the finished paint job, while more pigments create an uneven surface. Light bounces off even surfaces in fewer directions which is what gives satin paint the extra gloss.
Oil-based and water-based paints can both come with a satin finish. Typically, it has between ⅓ and ½ the reflectivity of a full gloss paint. The idea is to give the same feeling of luminosity without giving your walls and furniture the near-reflective treatment you’d find on a car.
When you coat a surface with satin paint, it will reveal scratches and impressions in the surface but not as much as glossier paints do. It can also handle moisture quite well, making it ideal for painting bathrooms and kitchens.
Satin paint is shiny but not overwhelmingly so. Light does reflect off of it but not glaringly like it will with high-gloss paint. It works on siding, aluminum, drywall, and wood. Homeowners use satin paint in bedrooms and common rooms because it's easier to clean than a flat paint, but it's also harder to apply because you have to maintain a uniform sheen.
Pros & Cons Of Using Satin Paints
What Is Semi-Gloss Paint?
Semi-gloss paint is usually about half as glossy as high-gloss paint but can be as much as 75% as glossy. Because of this, every advantage and disadvantage of glossy paint compared to flat paint is exacerbated.
For instance, semi-gloss paint will show all the imperfections in the paint job and the surface you're painting. Also, more binders give semi-gloss paint enough sheen for some reflection to be visible in the paint, especially in rooms with lots of direct natural light.
The pigment makes up less of the formula in a semi-gloss paint which means the final color on the finished paint job can be less pronounced than it would be with flat or satin paint. However, the luminosity is more collected - semi-gloss paint is usually the best choice for homeowners who want to see some light reflected in their walls.
This gloss level is why most contractors and homeowners use semi-gloss paint to cover large areas like walls and doors, particularly when dark rooms need lightening with a light-shade color. You can also use it for trim, molding, and cabinets. Semi-gloss is great for high-traffic areas because it doesn’t take damage as easily as flat paint.
Pros & Cons Of Using Semi-Gloss Paint
Satin Vs. Semi-Gloss Paints: Which Is Right For Your Home?
There are a few important things to consider in the satin vs. semi-gloss paint debate. First, satin paint is closer to flat paint than to full-gloss, while the opposite is true for semi-gloss paint. That means satin paint has less of a space-limiting effect and is easier to apply, while semi-gloss is more damage and moisture-resistant.
Here are some recommendations for deciding whether semi-gloss or satin paint is better for your project, depending on which room of the house you're painting:
For Walls & Ceilings
For Wooden Furniture
Floors & Baseboards
More Information On Semi-Gloss & Satin Paints
Satin Vs Semi Gloss Paint FAQs
Should all interior doors be satin or semi-gloss?
Semi-gloss paint is the better choice for interior doors because it can take more kicks, scrapes, and bumps without showing any damage. While it will show scratches, that’s more of a concern for things like tables where objects are moving across the surface. Doors will be easier to clean with a semi-gloss finish as well.
Can I paint satin over gloss?
You can paint satin over gloss or semi-gloss paint as long as you either de-gloss the original paint job, sand it down, or use a satin paint with the same base as what was used before.
If you aren’t going to sand or aren’t able to, you have to pick a satin paint that’s close to the original color that’s up on the wall. If possible, you should take time to sand and degloss to make sure the surface is free of imperfections so your new paint job will look smooth and even.
Is semi-gloss paint waterproof?
Many semi-gloss paints promote themselves as being waterproof. While they are generally very water-resistant by nature, it’s best not to assume that the semi-gloss paint you’ve selected is waterproof unless the label says so beyond the shadow of a doubt.
How do you tell if paint is gloss or semi-gloss?
If you don’t still have the old paint can lying around, you can usually tell just by how light reflects off of it whether the paint is full-gloss or semi-gloss.
The semi-gloss will reflect light but still diffuse it somewhat compared with the full-gloss paint, which will reflect light almost straight back at its source, creating a kind of reflection on the wall. Gloss will usually also be smoother to the touch than semi-gloss paint will.
Hopefully, this guide has helped you figure out where you stand in the whole satin finish vs. semi-gloss finish debate. Each one has advantages over the other in certain situations. Don’t be surprised if you wind up using a bit of both on your next DIY painting project.
Although semi-gloss paint is more moisture-resistant and easier to clean, satin paint diffuses natural light better and tends to make a space feel roomier. Trim and other accents really pop with semi-gloss on them, while ceilings and wooden furniture frequently look better with satin finishes. Read through this guide to help you decide which paint to use on your next project.